Thursday, October 17, 2019

Information Literacy

Do you want to know...


Remember, all I'm offering is the truth... nothing more

The Matrix could be a great allegory for finding truth in the chaos of disinformation. It could be about breaking an information bubble we may live in and choosing the right path. Unfortunately, we cannon load the skills like Neo could, fortunately, our information and fake news Matrix is not as grim as the one in the movie...or is it?

Information literacy is more than possessing information. Information literacy is the ability "to recognize when information is needed and have the ability to locate, evaluate and use effectively the needed information." (ACRL, 2000)

What kind of practical steps can you and your students take to critically evaluate information found on the Internet?  How can we protect them and ourselves from fake news, scams, and phishing?

Consider pinning or bookmarking the resources above and below for future use (build that PLN!)

Watch this short video explaining the theory of Connectivism. I will be further discussed in the lecture.



What strategies could students adopt to make decisions or solve an information problem?  
  • Analyze the Big6 and Super3  process models of how people should solve information strategies. Super 3 is a simplified model for the youngest students. 
    • Connect it to the ISTE Student Standard #5: Computational Thinker: Students develop and employ strategies for understanding and solving problems in ways that leverage the power of technological methods to develop and test solutions.
      • 5b Students collect data or identify relevant data sets, use digital tools to analyze them, and represent data in various ways to facilitate problem-solving and decision-making.
      • 5 c Students break problems into component parts, extract key information, and develop descriptive models to understand complex systems or facilitate problem-solving. 
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Additional resources (to use, bookmark, or pin for later) :

Information Literacy Standards for Student Learning (pdf) provides a conceptual framework and broad guidelines for describing the information-literate student.

Siemens and Downes theory of Connectivism

Battling Fake News in a classroom

Kathy Schrock guide to Critical Evaluation of Information - TONES of resources for  your classroom

Allsides.com - Don't be fooled by media bias. Think for yourself. See news and issues from multiple perspectives, discuss like adults.

Poynter.org - The International Fact-Checking Network is a unit of the Poynter Institute dedicated to bringing together fact-checkers worldwide.

opensecrets.org - Follows the money. Data on campaign finance, Super PACs, Industries ect.

snopes.com -Reference source for urban legends, folklore, myths, rumors, and misinformation

factcheck.org - nonpartisan, nonprofit “consumer advocate” for voters that aims to reduce the level of deception and confusion in U.S. politics. Address public policy issues at the local, state and federal levels.

truthorfiction.com - Get the truth about rumors, inspirational stories, virus warnings, hoaxes, scams, humorous tales, pleas for help, urban legends, prayer requests, calls to action, and other forwarded emails.

unpartial.com - AI-powered article evaluation tool

hoax-slayer.com - dedicated to" debunking email hoaxes, thwarting Internet scammers, combating spam, and educating web users about email and Internet security issues"

sourcewatch.org - a collaborative resource for  documented information about the corporations, industries, and people trying to influence public policy and public opinion

domaintools.com - a collection of domain name ownership records in the world (also look easywhois.com)

http://zapatopi.net/afdb/ ; http://www.thedogisland.com/index.html ; http://prank.link


ISTE Standards for Students connection:

Standard # 3: Knowledge Constructor: Students critically curate a variety of resources using digital tools to construct knowledge, produce creative artifacts and make meaningful learning experiences for themselves and others.
  • 3a. Students plan and employ effective research strategies to locate information and other resources for their intellectual or creative pursuits.
  • 3b. Students evaluate the accuracy, perspective, credibility, and relevance of information, media, data or other resources.
Standard #2 Digital Citizen: Students recognize the rights, responsibilities and opportunities of living, learning and working in an interconnected digital world, and they act and model in ways that are safe, legal and ethical

Standards #5: Computational Thinker: Students develop and employ strategies for understanding and solving problems in ways that leverage the power of technological methods to develop and test solutions.
  • 5b Students collect data or identify relevant data sets, use digital tools to analyze them, and represent data in various ways to facilitate problem-solving and decision-making.
  • 5 c Students break problems into component parts, extract key information, and develop descriptive models to understand complex systems or facilitate problem-solving. 

ISTE Standards for Educators connection:

Standard #2: Leader: Educators seek out opportunities for leadership to support student empowerment and success and to improve teaching and learning
  • 2c. Educator model for colleagues the identification, exploration, evaluation, curation, and adoption of new digital resources and tools for learning.
EdTech fastest growing minor - fake yahoo news
Standard #3: Citizen: Educators inspire students to positively contribute to and responsibly participate in the digital world.
  • 3b. Educators establish a learning culture that promotes curiosity and critical examination of online resources and fosters digital literacy and media fluency.
  • 3 c mentor students in safe, legal and ethical practices with digital tools and the protection of intellectual rights and property.

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During the lab group work (face to face sections):


Quote from The Matrix movie: There is a difference between knowing the path and walking the path



Using Stephen Downe's Principles for Evaluating Websites and other resources above analyze the following websites:

Exhibit A: (elementary):
http://zapatopi.net/treeoctopus/

Exhibit B:
http://www.archaeology.org/online/features/hierakonpolis/zombies.html

Exhibit C:
https://insttech.uni.edu/240-031/images/infliteracy-vaccinate.jpg

Exhibit D:
https://insttech.uni.edu/240-031/documents/mail_SlowDance.pdf

Exhibit E: 
http://www.blackpeopleloveus.com/index.html


Scrutinize the websites above. Can you find an argument to support or discredit the legitimacy of your website? How can you prove it? Can you see the purpose of the website? Could you use it in your classroom?

Thursday, October 10, 2019

Digital Citizenship

Begin by watching the short intro of the NMC Horizon Report 2017  K-12 Edition:




  • Write down the long term, mid-term, and short-term terms
  • Think, how the new trends and challenges may impact your future as a student and a teacher?
See what are the 9 elements of  Digital Citizenship:
 http://www.digitalcitizenship.net/nine-elements.html
  • Are you well versed in all of the elements? 
  • Will you be able to help your students?
Read Principle V of Model Code of Ethics - Responsible and Ethical Use of Technology 
  • According to this list, are you an ethical educator?
Netiquette: Browse and bookmark for later  resources related to the common do's and don'ts of online communication http://www.albion.com/netiquette/
Check resources at WorldSavvy - an organization that helps students develop 21st Century skills for Global Competency - browse the resources and opportunities for schools around the world. Bookmark for future use!

Browse and bookmark for future use: http://www.aplatformforgood.org -  A vision for a  Platform for Good is to start a dialogue about what it means to participate responsibly in a digital world. While recognizing the potential risks, they celebrate technology as a vehicle for opportunity and social change.

Bookmark for future use the blog with great cyber safety tips and resources http://theinnovativeeducator.blogspot.com/2008/08/how-do-i-help-my-child-learn-to-use.html

Follow our Digital Citizenship board on Pinterest

SNL meme
http://www.nbc.com/saturday-night-live

Extra Credit Opportunity!!! Complete Google Digital Citizenship training and obtain a powerful certificate, and access to the Be Internet Awesome curriculum, a program designed in collaboration between Google and the Internet Keep Safe Coalition (iKeepSafe.org)to teach kids the skills
they need to be safe and smart online.

Standards Connection: 

ISTE Standards for Students connection: 
  • Standard #2: Digital Citizen: Students recognize the rights, responsibilities and opportunities of living, learning and working in an interconnected digital world, and they act and model in ways that are safe, legal and ethical.
  • Standard #3: Knowledge Constructor: Students critically curate a variety of resources using digital tools to construct knowledge, produce creative artifacts and make meaningful learning experiences for themselves and others.
  • Standard  #7: Global Collaborator: Students use digital tools to broaden their perspectives and enrich their learning by collaborating with others and working effectively in teams locally and globally.
ISTE Standard for Educators connection
  • Standard #3  Educator as Citizen inspire students to positively contribute to and responsibly participate in the digital world
  • Standard # 4d: Educator as Collaborator demonstrate cultural competency when communicating with students, parents, and colleagues and interact with them as co-collaborators in student learning.
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Additional resources (not required):


To Read: Five Myths About Young People and Social Media - Five Myths About Young People and Social Media  - article based on book by Danah Boyd "It’s Complicated: The Social Lives of Networked Teens"

To Read about : Second Screen Culture 

To bookmark: Free ebook from Promethean Planet in PDF format: Play and learn: Being online 

thetrevorproject.org -  The Trevor Project -  The leading national organization focused on crisis and suicide prevention efforts among lesbian, gay, bisexual, transgender and questioning (LGBTQ) youth.

itgetsbetter.org - It Gets Better Project -  video website created to sent the message and to inspire hope for young people facing harassment. Created in response to a number of students taking their own lives after being bullied in school.

To watch all 7 segments of the pbs feature “Growing Up Online” (56 min), and consider the questions below. http://www.pbs.org/wgbh/pages/frontline/kidsonline/view/


Questions to ponder after watching "Growing Up Online":
  • The program describes social networking sites as places where kids post pictures, accumulate friends, post messages to others and describe themselves. Social networking also allows young people to express themselves, experiment with different perspectives, and play with aspects of their identity. Do you think it would be possible to use social networking in the classroom to better facilitate students learning? Can you imagine an example to support your opinion?
  • Who should be responsible for teaching about cyber safety-- parents or school?
  • What is or should be a teachers’ role in students' online life?
  • Do you think that we should restrict (block) students from using Social Networks (Facebook, Twitter, Ning...) and other user generated websites (YouTube, Wikipedia...) or rather teach them how to use them wisely.
To Watch:  the pbs follow up to the “Growing Up Online” video: "Digital Nation - Life on the virtual frontier" (90 min) http://www.pbs.org/wgbh/pages/frontline/digitalnation/view/

Thursday, October 3, 2019

Copyright, Fair Use, Public Domain, & Creative Commons

Image source: Wikimedia Commons (this image is in the public domain)
Review this Worksheet to help you better understand the lecture.

These RWLDs for your upcoming copyright lecture introduce you to the fundamental principles of U.S. copyright law, fair use, public domain, and creative commons. Your understanding of these concepts is key to making legal and ethical decisions about how to incorporate media into educational projects (and guiding your own students to do so in the future).

List of Terms and Concepts You Should Know:
  1. Copyright (what is it and when is it obtained by a creator?)
  2. The Copyright Act of 1976
  3. Copyright Ownership (Copyright Term Extension Act)
  4. Public Domain
  5. Fair Use (when it can be used?); what is Portion Limitations
  6. Creative Commons (how do you obtain a CC license?)
  7. The TEACH Act of 2002
  8. Shepard Fairy and the legal controversy with his iconic image of President Obama
  9. Jammie Thomas-Rasset's case who illegally downloading 24 songs. Read the follow up to the story of Capitol v. Thomas on Wikipedia.
  10. Iowa AEA Online: http://www.iowaaeaonline.org (get the username and password from your instructor for iCLIPART For Schools)
  11. What is flickr and how do you find Creative Commons images in there? 
  12. What is Usage Rights in Google search for images and exactly how can you find resources that are "labeled for reuse"?

You may find many of the answers here:

1) This PDF handout is from Iowa AEA, Central Rivers branch (www.centralriversaea.org). Save this document for lecture, for future reference, and to use with students in your own classroom).
............and here:
2) Explore the interactive web site Taking the Mystery Out of Copyright (from the Library of Congress), especially the section Files on Record which provides an interactive timeline of copyright milestones (look for the scroll bars along the left and right sides).

Please watch these videos:  

Copyright history and rational in 6 minutes!




What is Creative Commons?

This 5 minute video explains why Creative Commons was created:



Creative Commons licenses make it easy for people to share their works which are otherwise protected by copyright law. This provides terrific opportunities for teachers and students! It's what you might say is a happy middle ground between All Rights Reserved and the public domain.


Other Resources (FYI)

- Teaching Students to Legally Use Images Online

- Copyright Basics: pages 1—6 of Copyright Basics (PDF) from the US Copyright Office (copyright.gov)

- Bookmark and explore these UNI sites related to copyright: UNI Copyright Policies and Rod Library Guide to Copyright and FAQs about copyright at UNI.
- And last but not least, take a look at the Key Moments in Social Media Law from 1984 on!

Thursday, September 26, 2019

Diversity in the Classroom and Media Influences

Begin by analyzing short “State of the village report” from 2005
http://www.odt.org/Pictures/popvillage.pdf originally created in 1992 by Donella H. Meadows

Watch this short TED talk by the two amazing teenagers and the authors of the student-run organization, CHOOSE, to overcome racism and inspire harmony through exposure, education, and empowerment AND authors of  The Classroom Index, a textbook devoted to racial literacy.



Ask yourself: Could I be racist? How to tell if I am?  Racism is when you draw conclusions about people based on racial stereotypes and believe that some races are better than others.  Consider the questions, answer to yourself.

image source: benettongroup.com
Take a quick visual "snap judgment", gender bias, test on lookdifferent.org  Explore resources there.

Read a short article about challenges in defining Multicultural Education and also about the areas of social transformation.
www.edchange.org/multicultural/initial.html

Read about “Key Characteristics of a Multicultural Curriculum” by P.Gorski
www.edchange.org/multicultural/curriculum/characteristics.html


Read a short article “Transforming Myself to Transform My School: with the special attention to “Ten Critical and Self-critical Things I Can Do to Be a Better Multicultural Educator:
www.edchange.org/multicultural/papers/edchange_10things.html



Watch the videoMisconceptions; Do’s & Don’ts of a 1st Year Teacher” created by Mississippi State University students about racial stereotypes (4 min)

Pin and Browse the Kid World Citizen organization on Pinterest  for a variety of multicultural activities and resources

Dollar street -  Everyone lives on Dollar Street. We all have some things in common. See how people around the world live. Could the investigation of different living styles and conditions help your students build a global perspective?
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Additional resources (not required):

Link to Annual African American Children and Families Conference organized at the UNI campus https://aac.uni.edu/  

ISTE Standards  for students

#2 Digital Citizen: Students recognize the rights, responsibilities and opportunities of living, learning and working in an interconnected digital world, and they act and model in ways that are safe, legal and ethical.

#3c Knowledge Constructor: Students curate information from digital resources using a variety of tools and methods to create collections of artifacts that demonstrate meaningful connections or conclusions.
#3d  Knowledge Constructor: Students build knowledge by actively exploring real-world issues and problems, developing ideas and theories and pursuing answers and solutions.

ISTE Standards for educators connection:  


#3a Citizen: Educators create experiences for learners to make positive, socially responsible contributions and exhibit empathetic behavior online that build relationships and community.

#3b Citizen: Educators Establish a learning culture that promotes curiosity and critical examination of online resources and fosters digital literacy and media fluency.

# 4d Collaborator: Educators demonstrate cultural competency when communicating with students, parents, and colleagues and interact with them as co-collaborators in student learning.


To read: We use media in different ways. The same media content may gratify different needs for different individuals. The resources below explaining the effects of the media from the point of view of audiences.
Needs and Gratifications model of the Media by Blumler &  Katz)

Books Matter! See the list of titles collected by ADL with the power to instill empathy, affirm children’s sense of self, teach about others, transport to new places and inspire actions on behalf of social justice.

To read: 10 ways Youth can Engage in Activism

To watch:  the An Anti-Bullying Message From the NOH8 Campaign (2.27 min)

To watch: 10 Misconceptions about Muslim: https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=iUvnD5GVAXg 

To read: Information for Teens: The Media &Your Life - How the media affects Teens & Young Adults

To watch:  The digital story about the depression and issues faced by Asian American girl - pay attention to the poem in the story (also typed under the video) (5.29 min)

To watch: Worlds Apart’ An Experiment by Heineken. Can two strangers with opposing views prove that there’s more that unites than divides us?

To watchElders React to Nicki Minaj - Anaconda  (Age diversity)

Everybody in advertising is blonde, beautiful, families are happy, cars are never in traffic, everything is shiny, food looks like it's incredibly tasteful. I ask myself ... Controversial artist Olivero Toscani on ad influence 


Thursday, September 19, 2019

Visual Literacy / Digital Storytelling




Color matters! Read about color symbolism in different cultures and explore other parts of this website to learn more about the significance of color in our lives.

Read: Visual literacy A 21st-century skill https://medium.com/@_bkkr/visual-literacy-8cb64fecc50d (5 min read)

Soon you will be designing your teacher website.  It should be important for you to make conscious decisions about how you present the content of the pages.  What makes page user-friendly? How to present the text so it is useful to the learner?  What are the most common design mistakes made when creating educational websites?  To help you answer that I created a short video about the web design considerations



Browse these great resources collected by Frank W. Baker. Note the lesson plans ideas. Bookmark (Pin?) the links that may be useful in your future.  

an eye ball
Image: Ray eye reused here in accordance with a creative commons license
Visual Diagramming, Concept Mapping, Mind Mapping - all of these phrases apply to the way we may visually brainstorm or organize the ideas. This video explains the benefits of it:



Resources related to a Digital Storytelling (our next big assignment):  

read the resources organized in this sub-post. Bookmark the links to the two videos about script and storyboard



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Additional optional resources:

ISTE Standards for Educators:
5c Educators explore and apply instructional design principles to create innovative digital learning environments that engage and support learning.
6d. Educators model and nurture creativity and creative expression to communicate ideas, knowledge or connections.

ISTE Standards for students connection:
1b Students build networks and customize their learning environments in ways that support the learning process.
6c Students communicate complex ideas clearly and effectively by creating or using a variety of digital objects such as visualizations, models or simulations.


C.A.R.P. junior - Design Principles for kids - ideas on how to practice them in an elementary classroom

How to Design For Color Blindness https://usabilla.com/blog/how-to-design-for-color-blindness/

25 of the most iconic photographs (according to CNN) - How many can you name just by looking at them?

Play with colors on a professional level: Paletton.com- The color scheme designer

Smithsonian for educators and The Smithsonian Institution Archives. The lesson plans and resources with ideas about how to use primary sources (including diaries, letters, and photographs) in the K–12 classrooms.

Is visual literacy an academic skill? If so, how do we define it and how do we learn? Studium Generale asked ten researchers from various fields to think about pictures, how we see them and what we need to know about the way they are made and interpreted. Watch their explanation (7min). I will talk about it more in my lecture: